Hawkwood, Sir John

(1320-1394)
   Known in Italy as Giovanni Acuto, Hawkwood was a British mercenary who commanded the Florentine army against Pisa. He was born in Essex, England, and began his military career in France. In 1364, he led the Pisan army in the war against Florence but, in 1377, after having served in the papal troops, he switched to the Florentine side, only to lose his life. While leading the Florentine army, Hawkwood was granted tax exemption and citizenship and, upon his death, he received the state funeral reserved for Florentine heroes. The Florentines also planned a large marble monument in his honor but the idea was abandoned when England reclaimed Hawkwood's remains. Hawkwood was finally memorialized in 1436 when Paolo Uccello painted a fresco in the Cathedral of Florence depicting the hero on horseback. The monochromatic palette Uccello used grants the illusion of a bronze monument, a fitting substitution for the earlier marble project. An inscription Uccello included in the fresco lauds Hawkwood as an able military commander. The work served to ascertain that Florence valued those who served it and bestowed upon them the highest honors.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Hawkwood, Sir John — ▪ Anglo Italian mercenary Italian  byname Giovanni Acuto   born c. 1320, , Sible Hedingham, Essex, Eng. died March 16/17, 1394, Florence [Italy]       mercenary captain who for 30 years played a role in the wars of 14th century Italy.       The… …   Universalium

  • HAWKWOOD, SIR JOHN —    an English captain, born in Essex; embracing the profession of arms, served with distinction at Crécy and Poitiers, and was in consequence knighted by Edward III.; afterwards fought as free lance with his White Company in the wars of Italy,… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Funerary Monument to Sir John Hawkwood — The Funerary Monument (or Equestrian Monument ) to Sir John Hawkwood [Although the title of “Sir” is ubiquitously attached to Hawkwood’s moniker, there is no documentary evidence of the circumstances under which Hawkwood was knighted; most of his …   Wikipedia

  • Monumento funerario a Sir John Hawkwood — Este artículo está huérfano, pues pocos o ningún artículo enlazan aquí. Por favor, introduce enlaces hacia esta página desde otros artíc …   Wikipedia Español

  • Monument funéraire de Sir John Hawkwood — Monument équestre de Sir John Hawkwood Le Monument équestre (ou Monument funéraire) de Sir John Hawkwood est une fresque de Paolo Uccello commémorant le condottiere anglais John Hawkwood …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Monument équestre de Sir John Hawkwood — 43° 46′ 24″ N 11° 15′ 22″ E / 43.77323, 11.25599 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Hawkwood — John Hawkwood, Fresko im Dom von Florenz John Hawkwood oder Giovanni Acuto (* um 1320–1323 in Sible Hedingham bei Colchester, Essex; † 1394 in Florenz) war ein italienischer Condottiere englischer Herkunft. Leben Bei seinem ersten urkundlich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Hawkwood — Gravure à l effigie de John Hawkwood Sir John Hawkwood, dit en français Jean Haccoude et en italien Giovanni Acuto, né vers 1320 et mort en 1394, est un célèbre mercenaire du Moyen Âge vivant au XIVe siècle et considéré com …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Hawkwood — Sir John Hawkwood (1320 ndash; 1394) was an English mercenary or condottiero in 14th century Italy. The French chronicler Jean Froissart knew him as Haccoude and Italians as Giovanni Acuto . Hawkwood served first the Pope and then various… …   Wikipedia

  • Hawkwood — John Hawkswood, Fresko im Dom von Florenz. John Hawkwood oder Giovanni Acuto (* um 1320 1323 in Sible Hedingham bei Colchester, Essex; † 1394 in Florenz) war ein italienischer Condottiere englischer Herkunft. Leben Erstes urkundlich belegtes… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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